Raquel Candido · BRACIS 2020
Impact of Feature Selection on Clustering Images of Vertebral Compression Fractures
Non-traumatic Vertebral Compression Fractures (VCFs) are generally caused by osteoporosis (benign VCFs) or metastatic cancer (malignant VCFs) and the success of the medical treatment strongly depends on a fast and correct classification of VCFs. Recently, methods for computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) based on machine learning have been proposed for classifying VCFs. In this work, we investigate the problem of clustering images of VCFs and the impact of feature selection by genetic algorithms on this task. The analysis of the clusters helps to understand the results of classifiers and difficulties of differentiating images of different classes by an expert. The results indicate that features selection improved the separability of clusters and purity. Feature selection also helps to understand which attributes are more important for analysing the images of vertebral bodies.